Work Package 1: Performance of BIPV/BAPV installations in Norway

PV Google Map Customizer This work package will try to answer the following questions:

The number of PV installations in Norway has been growing quickly during the last few years. In 2015, the cumulative installed PV power was 3.2 MW for grid-connected systems and 12.0 MW for stand-alone systems. Updated figures can be found in the annual release of the "National Survey Report of PV Power Applications in Norway", downloaded from the IEA PVPS webpage.

As the market grows, it is challenging to keep an updated list of all installations but most systems until 2016 have been plotted in this Interactive Map. Below, selected BIPV and BAPV systems are presented in more detail.

WP1 activities

WT 1.1: Data collection and documentation.
Data is collected by means of interviews with system owners/operators, literature search (publications, reports, IEA PVPS tasks), and information from collaborating project partners. Systems to be evaluated must have a minimum set of data available, i.e., characteristic system parameters, time-resolved power production data, and preferrably records of irradiation and ambient temperature. Where available, the project will also collect information about installation, operation and maintenance processes (costs, frequency, replacements, faults, etc). The selection of representative systems will include: (i) Both BIPV and BAPV systems. (ii) Different regions of Norway (climate/irradiation conditions). (iii) Different system types and sizes (kWp installed).

WT 1.2: System performance evaluation.
This activity will be performed in two parts. An initial screening of BIPV and BAPV systems in Norway will identify systems suitable for further in-depth analysis. Next, the performance of selected BIPV/BAPV systems will be evaluated using methods described in literature and recommended by the IEA PVPS Task13 Performance and Reliability of PV systems. Architectural and technical integration aspects will be evaluated as described in WT1.3.

WT 1.3: Technical and architectural integration.
This activity aims at identifying the challenges with regards to operation and maintenance, installation, building-technical integration, architectural integration, and indoor comfort. The evaluation of technical and architectural integration of BIPV will take into account recommendations by Norwegian architects for further BIPV development (e.g., PhD work by Claudia Farkas, NTNU).

WP1 results:

Some publications related to WP1 activities:

P. Mazé, D. Larsson, J. Benson (co-authors: S.Woess-Gallasch, K. Kappel, K. Frederiksen, P. Hendrick, E. Román, M. Machado, F. Brugun, B. Stridh, A.G. Imenes, J. Oorschot, O. Jung, D. Frieden, M. Warneryd), "Inventory on Existing Business Models, Opportunities and Issues for BIPV" Report IEA-PVPS T15-03: April 2018. Report.

P. Illich, G.C. Eder, K.A. Berger, G. Ùjvàri, P. Rechberger, D. Moor, A.G. Imenes, et al., "Comparative Performance Measurements of Identical BIPV-Elements in Different Climatic Environments - A Round Robin Action within the IEA PVPS Task 15 Collaboration". In: Proceedings of the 35th European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference 2018, 24-28 Sep 2018, pp. 1794-1800. Article.

Linn Tabita Milde, "A study of the performance of two wall attached PV systems in a Nordic climate", Master thesis, J. Selj (co-supervisor), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, 2018. Master thesis.

Christian Hals Frivold, "Photovoltaic façade systems in Norway: An assessment of energy performance, building integration, and costs", Master thesis, A.G. Imenes (supervisor), University of Agder (UiA), Grimstad, May 2018. Master thesis.

Rune Birkeland, "Modelling and simulation of BIPV installations in Norway", Master thesis, A.G. Imenes (supervisor), University of Agder (UiA), Grimstad, May 2018. Master thesis.

Ciaran Kråkenes & Ingrid Rosland Jensen, "Performance degradation and failure analysis of 7 years of field exposed photovoltaic system in Southern Norway", Master thesis, A.G. Imenes (supervisor), University of Agder (UiA), Grimstad, May 2018. Master thesis.

Elsa Cubillas, "Performance Analysis on Photovoltaic Plant in Norway", Master thesis, E. Marstein (co-supervisor), Dalarna University, 2018. Abstract.

A.G. Imenes, "Building integrated photovoltaics: Examples from Norway". Oral presentation, IEA PVPS Task 15 seminar “Business opportunities with BIPV”, 4 Sep 2017, Uppsala, Sweden. Presentation.

Ornella Chimienti, "Performance of Building Integrated Photovoltaics with respect to Architectural Integration and Geographical Location", Master thesis, B. P. Jelle (supervisor), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, February 2017. Master thesis.

Therese Bjørånesset Åsheim, “Analysis of a Photovoltaic Power Plant at Evenstad”, Master thesis, E. Marstein (co-supervisor), Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), June 2017. Master thesis.

A.G. Imenes, Performance of BIPV and BAPV Installations in Norway, 43rd IEEE Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 5-10 Jun 2016, Portland US. Poster. Article in proceedings: Article.

Prashant Iyyaswamy, "Performance analysis of building integrated photovoltaic system in Norway", Master thesis, E. Marstein (co-supervisor), Høgskolen i Dalarna, Sverige, 2016.

Anne Marte Minge Engh, "Monitoring of Building Attached Photovoltaics in Norway", Master thesis, E. Marstein (co-supervisor), Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU), Ås, 2016. Master thesis.

Documentation of selected evaluated BIPV/BAPV cases is found below.

BIPV systems

Oseana art & culture center

Location: Os outside Bergen (Os municipality in Hordaland county).
  • Link to project results (Oseana)
  • Solsmaragden office building

    Location: Drammen (Drammen municipality in Buskerud county).
  • Link to project results (Solsmaragden)
  • Brynseng primary school

    Location: Oslo (Oslo municipality in Oslo county).
  • Link to project results (Brynseng)
  • Kiwi Auli food store

    Location: Aulifeltet (Nes municipality in Akershus county).
  • Link to project results (Kiwi Auli)
  • Skarpnes zero energy homes

    Location: Skarpnes outside Arendal (Arendal municipality in Aust-Agder county).
  • Link to project results (Skarpnes)
  • ASKO Vestby Carport

    Location: Vestby (Vestby municipality in Akershus county).
  • Link to project results (ASKO Vestby Carport)
  • Haldenterminalen industrial storage building

    Location: Halden (Halden municipality in Østfold county).
  • Link to project results (Haldenterminalen) -Not yet active
  • 'Almost-BIPV' systems

    Lerkendal office building, Trønderenergi

    Location: Trondheim (Trondheim municipality in Sør-Trøndelag county).
  • Link to project results (Lerkendal)
  • 'The barn' at Evenstad, Høgskolen i Hedmark

    Location: Evenstad (Stor-Elvdal municipality in Hedmark county).
  • Link to project results (Evenstad) -Not yet active
  • BAPV systems

    ASKO Vestby

    Location: Vestby (Vestby municipality in Akershus county).
  • Link to project results (ASKO Vestby) -Not yet active
  • Kjøita office building, Agder Energi

    Location: Kristiansand (Kristiansand municipality in Vest-Agder county).
  • Link to project results (Kjoita)
  • Kjørbo office building, Asplan Viak

    Location: Sandvika (Bærum municipality in Akershus county).
  • Link to project results (Kjørbo) -Not yet active
  • Økern nursing home

    Location: Økern (Oslo municipality in Oslo county).
  • Link to project results (Økern) -Not yet active

  • _______________________________________________________________________________________________________

    WP1 contact person:

    Anne Gerd Imenes, agi(at), Teknova AS